Inspecting docker activity with socat

Inspecting docker activity with socat

We can’t directly sniff the traffic on it as we don’t really control this socket.

We first create a fake unix socket, say ‘/tmp/socatproxy’

and relay all its traffic to

‘/var/run/docker.sock’

 

$ socat -v UNIX-LISTEN;/tmp/socatproxy.sock,fork,reuseaddr

UNIX-CONNECT://var/run/docker.sock &

. In this way, regular interactions remain undisturbed, but the redirect allows socat to inspect traffic.

$ socat -v UNIX-LISTEN:/tmp/socatproxy.sock,fork UNIX-CONNECT:/var/run/docker.sock

-v : writes the traffic to stderr as text in addition to relaying instructions. Some conversions are made for the sake of readability so if certain sequences aren’t being interpreted properly, one could try -x (hex).
UNIX-LISTEN : listen for connections on the unix socket (In our case, /tmp/fake)
fork : create a separate subprocess for handling new connections so the main process may continue listening
UNIX-CONNECT : connect to the specified unix socket (In our case, /var/run/docker.sock)

 

 

 

 

to list all containers with Docker

$ docker -H unix:///tmp/socatproxy.sock ps -a

Factorial Analysis with R

Exploratory Factor Analysis with  R can be performed using
the factanal function.
In addition to this standard function, some additional facilities are provided by fa.promax function.

I Sample with fa function

  1. > #install the package
  2. > install.packages("psych")
  3. > #load the package
  4. > library(psych)
  1. > #calculate the correlation matrix
  2. > corMat <- cor(data)
  3. > #display the correlation matrix
  4. > corMat
  1. > #use fa() to conduct an oblique principal-axis exploratory factor analysis
  2. > #save the solution to an R variable
  3. > solution <- fa(r = corMat, nfactors = 2, rotate = "oblimin", fm = "pa")
  4. > #display the solution output
  5. > solution

II Sample with factanal function

# Required packages.
require(psych);
require(foreign);

# Import data from SPSS data file.
personality <- foreign::read.spss("spss\\personality.sav", 
    to.data.frame = TRUE)

# Factor analysis.
items <- c("ipip1", "ipip2", "ipip3", "ipip4", "ipip5", 
    "ipip6", "ipip7", "ipip8", "ipip9", "ipip10", "ipip11", 
    "ipip12", "ipip13", "ipip14", "ipip15", "ipip16", "ipip17", 
    "ipip18", "ipip19", "ipip20", "ipip21", "ipip22", "ipip23", 
    "ipip24", "ipip25", "ipip26", "ipip27", "ipip28", "ipip29", 
    "ipip30", "ipip31", "ipip32", "ipip33", "ipip34", "ipip35", 
    "ipip36", "ipip37", "ipip38", "ipip39", "ipip40", "ipip41", 
    "ipip42", "ipip43", "ipip44", "ipip45", "ipip46", "ipip47", 
    "ipip48", "ipip49", "ipip50") ;

# Descriptive Statistics.
itemDescriptiveStatistics <- sapply(personality[items], 
    function(x) c(mean=mean(x), sd=sd(x), n = length(x)));
cbind(attr(personality, "variable.labels")[items], 
    round(t(itemDescriptiveStatistics), 2) );

# Scree plot.
psych::VSS.scree(cor(personality[items]));

# Some other indicators of the number of factors.
psych::VSS(cor(personality[items]), 10, 
    n.obs = nrow(personality), rotate = "promax");

# Communalities
itemCommunalities <- 1 - dataForScreePlot$uniquenesses;
round(cbind(itemCommunalities), 2);

# List items with low communalities.
itemsWithLowCommunalities <- names(itemCommunalities[
        itemCommunalities < .25]);
cat("Items with low communalities (< .25)\n");
problematicItemText <- attr(personality, 
    "variable.labels")[itemsWithLowCommunalities ];
problematicItemCommunalities <- round(itemCommunalities[
        itemsWithLowCommunalities],3);
data.frame(itemText = problematicItemText, 
    communality = problematicItemCommunalities);


# Variance explained by each factor before rotation. 
# (see Proportion Var)
factanal(personality[items], factors = 5, rotation = "none");

# Variance explained by each factor after rotatoin. 
# (see Proportion Var)
factanal(personality[items], factors = 5, rotation = "promax");

# Loadings prior to rotation.
fitNoRotation <- factanal(personality[items], 
    factors = 5, rotation = "none");
print(fitNoRotation$loadings, cutoff = .30, sort = TRUE);

# Loadings after rotation.
fitAfterRotation <- factanal(personality[items], 
    factors = 5, rotation = "promax");
print(fitAfterRotation$loadings, cutoff = .30, sort = TRUE);

# Correlations between factors 
# This assumes use of a correlated rotation method such as promax
factorCorrelationsRegression <- cor(factanal(
        personality[items],  factors = 5, 
        rotation = "promax", scores = "regression")$scores);
round(factorCorrelationsRegression,2);
.